Virginia Department of Health recommendations to prevent flu this winter

January 3, 2024

Flu season is here and the Virginia Department of Health says that the months of December through February are usually the most active for the flu virus.

VDH recommends taking three actions to prevent the flu.

  1. Practice good preventive health with hand hygiene (washing your hands regularly with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer), respiratory etiquette (coughing and sneezing into a tissue or the inside of your elbow rather than your open hand), and staying home when you feel sick; and
  2. If you do become sick with the flu, seek healthcare early in your illness if necessary. Antivirals prescribed by a healthcare provider are a treatment option for some patients and can help prevent serious flu complications.
  3. Everyone six months & older should receive a yearly flu vaccine, consulting your healthcare provider as needed.

Influenza activity is elevated and is expected to increase in Virginia as the weather becomes colder. For the week ending December 23, emergency department and urgent care visits due to flu-like illness are very high (6.9% of total visits), especially among young children and school-aged children (14.7% and 13.2% of visits, respectively). The 2023-24 flu season in Virginia is anticipated to be in the typical range of severity. However, even typical seasons vary widely and result in illness, hospitalizations, and death. Virginia reported five influenza-associated deaths among children during the 2022-23 flu season.

Virginia vaccination coverage for flu remains low for children and adults. The percent of eligible Virginians reporting receipt of a flu vaccine this season is only 27%. Vaccines are available and can help protect people from the most serious health effects of flu viruses. A recent study estimated that flu vaccination reduced the risk of flu-related emergency department and urgent care visits by almost half and hospitalization by more than a third among U.S. adults during the 2022-23 season. With flu activity increasing in Virginia, now is still a good time to get a flu vaccine if you have not already.

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To locate a seasonal flu vaccine near you, you can visit or contact your local health department. For further information, call (804) 864-8141.

Please visit the VDH Respiratory Diseases website for current data updates and additional information about respiratory diseases in Virginia.

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